printing of pictures, is introduced in the
Philippines. This enables the printing of
illustrations in local newspapers. Imprenta
y Litografia de Ramirez y Giraudier is the
country’s first lithographic house.
La Illustracion Filipina
is the country’s first
Eulalio Carmelo and Wilhelm Bauermann
establish the Carmelo and Bauermann
printing press, which will service the
country’s most elaborate printing and
lithography needs until the 1960s.
The Academia de Dibujo y Pintura renames
itself Escuela de Pintura, Escultura y
Grabado, as it begins offering engraving
The School of Fine Arts of the University of
the Philippines introduces engraving as a
unique field of specialization.
The rotogravure and offset presses are
introduced in the Philippines. While rapid
reproduction of illustrations and pictures is
now possible, these new presses sever the
connection between artists and their printed
The Art Association of the Philippines (AAP)
introduces a graphic arts category in its
annual competition and exhibition. Anita
Magsaysay Ho wins in the category with
While in Spain, Spanish-Filipino artist Juvenal
Sanso creates etchings and lithographs,
which he will exhibit at the Philippine Art
Gallery in Manila in 1957.
The Rockefeller Foundation sends a survey
team led by Boyd Compton to Manila, to
look for a deserving artist who can study
printmaking in the United States then initiate
a graphic art movement in the Philippines.
They choose Rodriguez, who studies
printmaking at the Pratt Graphic Center in
Arturo Luz opens the Luz Gallery in Ermita,
where along with the paintings of young
Filipino artists, he also exhibits works by