86 printing of pictures, is introduced in the Philippines. This enables the printing of illustrations in local newspapers. Imprenta y Litografia de Ramirez y Giraudier is the country’s first lithographic house. 1860 La Illustracion Filipina is the country’s first illustrated newspaper. 1887 Eulalio Carmelo and Wilhelm Bauermann establish the Carmelo and Bauermann printing press, which will service the country’s most elaborate printing and lithography needs until the 1960s. 1889 The Academia de Dibujo y Pintura renames itself Escuela de Pintura, Escultura y Grabado, as it begins offering engraving classes. 1909 The School of Fine Arts of the University of the Philippines introduces engraving as a unique field of specialization. 1920’s The rotogravure and offset presses are introduced in the Philippines. While rapid reproduction of illustrations and pictures is now possible, these new presses sever the connection between artists and their printed works. 1952 The Art Association of the Philippines (AAP) introduces a graphic arts category in its annual competition and exhibition. Anita Magsaysay Ho wins in the category with Fish Vendors . 1953 While in Spain, Spanish-Filipino artist Juvenal Sanso creates etchings and lithographs, which he will exhibit at the Philippine Art Gallery in Manila in 1957. 1959-1960 The Rockefeller Foundation sends a survey team led by Boyd Compton to Manila, to look for a deserving artist who can study printmaking in the United States then initiate a graphic art movement in the Philippines. They choose Rodriguez, who studies printmaking at the Pratt Graphic Center in New York. 1960 Arturo Luz opens the Luz Gallery in Ermita, where along with the paintings of young Filipino artists, he also exhibits works by